Advent And Development Of Massive Architectural Designs Of Churches Auditorium In Nigeria
About 45% of Nigeria's population are Christians which are mostly in the southern part of the country and with a sizeable number in the north. Nigeria has the leading population of Christians in Africa according to Pew Research Centre.
The Christian population in Nigeria has been estimated to be about 85 million, comprising diverse places of worship. History holds that Nigeria was wide-open to Christianity as a result of the desire of British merchants to trade on the coast of West Africa in the 18th century.
Missionary in Nigeria made its first visit in 1842 with two members of Church Missionary Society (CMS) present. Samuel Ajayi Crowther was among and was selected because he was a Yoruba man from western Nigeria. Although the mission was unsuccessful, the Church Missionary Society was impressed with Samuel Ajayi Crowther's ability.
Shortly after, he was trained and ordained in England. He came back to Nigeria with Henry Townsend and began the Yoruba mission on the request for Christian Teachers. However, Reverend Townsend and Reverend Thomas Birch-Freeman of the Methodist faith first preached the Christian Gospel to the people of Badagry but today we have a grown-up Christian auditorium built-in great, enormous, and standard styles compare to what started earlier on.
In this regard, the auditory range has now become an imperative issue in large gathering today, most especially at religious centers because the Church edifice is being used by a lot of people, therefore, the people in attendance of adulating axes be duty-bound and able to hear the lay preacher plainly without disruption or clatters.
Need for Space
People also need to have communication without restrictions within obtainable space without their vocal sound reverberating. Hence, In Churches these days, grownups' and teenagers' actions seem to require a lot of discretion, hence the need for an operational acoustic scheme within the diverse spaces in the Church structure becomes essential.
Acoustical and architectural enterprises in churches may well also be seen as the qualities that regulate the aptitude of an enclosure to echo sound waves in such a way as to produce and stimulate distinctive audible range. The strength of a sphere-shaped wide-ranging wave drops at a rate of six intensities for each factor of two increases in distance from the message source.
The transmission of sound depends on the frequency of the sound source and the size of the hearer's eardrum, subsequent broadcast of sound also depends on the climate condition like air temperature.
In the same way, the environment by which it travels, the structural locale is a big factor and perhaps, we may also take a vision of the type of space whether open or closed in the assessment of buildings about the environment in the past decades, thus the importance of providing good audibility has become a principal matter in the quest for a classical architectural atmosphere in religious institutions.
An individual's ability to receive and comprehend communication is subject to the signal-noise ratio as human beings often desire a straight gesture that is harmless to accept little or no noise. It appears, if the noise is too loud then simply raising the volume of the direct signal from the loudspeaker can settle the problem. Unfortunately, this doesn't work well as expected.
Loud sound is known to be uncomfortable. Loud sound can advance the roughly endless background noise-signal ratio. But does not improve the acoustic noise-signal ratio due to the intensity of noise which depends directly on the sound pitch of the loudspeaker.
The advance of Church Buildings
Church buildings from onset no doubt were initially small but over time huge church buildings began to advance after the attaining of bigger land, this has helped in triumphing a better building that is artistically attractive and big enough for the people attending worship. Some church buildings to date do reflect the personality and needs of their members. Often, the building structure helps to identify and categorize Church denomination such as Anglican, Catholic, or Pentecostal churches and others but truly, what does faith have to do with church building structure and designs?
As Churches became large, it became challenging for everyone to hear the pastor. This problem to a degree is solved with the use of microphones and speakers. Still, this equipment did not come without its problem.
In the recent past, Nigeria churches have displayed their level of interest and glamorous preferences in arraying money and dynamism for substantial architectural designs of the auditorium. while this is creating dignity for them, it also builds up the worth of the architectural business and the nation as a whole, this auditorium expansion creates a set of measures in churches' well-being as well as audience control at its growing from deskbound of 20000, 40000, and 50000 respectively.
The enterprise in the knowledge of the architectural industry and well-grounded styles has consequently prompted churches in capitalizing striking costing on massive auditorium as this brings advancement in value and coast-to-coast acceptance as worshipping God is made amusing.
Auditorium designs ranging from Narthex, Façade towers, Nave, Aisles, Transept, Crossing, Altar, and Apse is all-around magnificence.
The goal of churches will be to have a division in every family in Nigeria and to certify that in every family in the world there will be at least one of their associate but this in Nigeria has grown far beyond imagination as Nigeria churches now have massive and majestic architectural designs of auditoriums occupying its territory.
The Redeemed Christian Church of God two-billion-naira Trinity Tower blaze architecture design, Living Faith Winners Chapel Canaanland of Bishop David Oyedepo stated that over 300 architects designed the Faith Tabernacle 50,000-seater capacity is essentially a good point of reference.
Living Faith Church Worldwide (Winners Chapel) Founded by Bishop David Oyedepo is a church that has grown from a mere gathering of Christians to an Olympic stadium religious setting. His church auditorium has held the Guinness Book of record for being the largest church auditorium in the world in 2008. The church has its presence in 68 nations of the world and is littered all over Nigeria with multi-million dollar edifices for branches. Its headquarters is in Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. It has a capacity of 50,400 and sits on 10,500 hectares of land.
The RCCG has over 5 million members globally and its headquarters is in Lagos Nigeria, with a camp in Ogun State that could accommodate a million worshipers in a single service.
Another is the Deeper Life Bible Church (DLBC) founded by Pastor Williams Kumuyi, a lecturer of mathematics at the University of Lagos in 1973, from a gathering of 15 students who came to learn the scriptures from him to over 65,000 congregants recorded in a single service in 2016. The DLBC is no doubt one of the biggest in Nigeria even though its doctrine is quite conservative and seems less contemporary.
The Apostolic Church Nigeria is an outgrowth church and of course remains one of the oldest and biggest in Nigeria having over 4.5 million members, while its national temple in Lagos, Nigeria can sit up to 100,000 persons in a single service. The church branches are present all over Nigeria in small amounts.
Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministries (MFM founded by Dr. Daniel Olukoya in 1987 in his living room as a prayer meeting has since risen to become a voice in the religious terrain of the country with a massive area of land in Lagos as a head office, the church is among the largest in Nigeria.
The Synagogue Church of All Nations (SCOAN) well-known as a healing hub of religious sightseeing in Africa instituted by Prophet Temitope Joshua accounts for an attendance of 15,000 persons in its headquarters and only location in Nigeria with the church receiving more crowd of people is another terrifying building of reference but it could recall that on September 2014, a guesthouse located within the church in Lagos State collapse completely to the ground which was taken to be due to structural failure and was later addressed by Mr. Ken Emeakayi on Channels Television to be a controlled demolition.
These and other questions will provide answers to what architectural buildings will likely be in years to come, after seeing lots of money being spent on designs to serve, ease, and relieve religious worshipers.